Rhinoplasty techniques can be categorized into two main groups these being augmentation rhinoplasty and reduction rhinoplasty. Augmentation just as the word suggests adds or augments the nose whereas reduction simply reduces the nose. It is basically that straight forward. Patients could want to change the nose’s overall appearance by either making it smaller as a whole or reducing only specific nose areas such as the bump or hump on the nose bridge or a larger nasal tip. Bone and/or cartilage can also be rearranged or removed to bring about the shape one desires most.
Refinement rhinoplasty refers to techniques used for refining the nose tip. It helps to give definition to a nasal tip which is drooping, bulky or bulbous. The nose tends to become droopy or bulbous with age. It also refers to techniques used in achieving a nose which is refined and much smaller such as alar base reduction, tip rotation and hump reduction.
Revision rhinoplasty involves secondary procedures to repair the nose’s function and/or form after a previous rhinoplasty procedure. Rhinoplasty ranks high as complicated out of all cosmetic surgeries and thus has a high revision rate. Complications could arise after a primary surgery due to healing complications or surgical errors. For instance a patient could have insufficient improvement and a hump could need to be removed further or perhaps excess tissue was removed and it resulted in deformity. Revision provides dramatic enhancement for those individuals who weren’t pleased with prior results.
Reconstruction rhinoplasty helps to rebuild an entirely or partly missing nose which might have been destroyed through cancer or trauma. It involves techniques which use skin flaps and cartilage grafts. In other cases, multiple operative steps could be needed.
Ethnic rhinoplasty refers to procedures carried out on ethnic patients of Middle Eastern, Hispanic, Asian and African American descent. The typical goal here is to improve the nose’s function and form and still retain a patient’s ethnic sense. One must go for an ethnic surgeon who is extensively experienced and has a deep understanding of nasal anatomy and shapes in different ethnicities.
Adolescent rhinoplasty is helpful for adolescents who are very particular about their self image. Adolescence is a trying period in life and there is always so much pressure to look and feel they fit in. The slightest physical issue can result in low self esteem no wonder many teens are considering rhinoplasty. It’s medically advisable that surgery is postponed till the nose completes its growth spurt at 15/16 years. Going for this procedure earlier is dangerous since the nose may continue to grow in negative ways and that will mean more corrective surgeries in future. Exceptions are made for teenagers with traumatic cases but still there is need for awareness and parental guidance.
Aging rhinoplasty is there to help individuals whose appearance has been changed by aging. Aging affects appearance of the nose, face and skin. Nose growth stops at about age 16 but nose shape could still change by elongating; tip drooping, sidewall narrowing and thickening of nasal skin. One could also develop breathing complications overtime. Rhinoplasty improves unwanted features and restores an appearance which is pleasing and youthful.
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